Age Group : 9 years and over
Argumentative discourse consists of a presentation, oral or written, of one's opinion on a subject or problem, and results in a reasoned and justified conclusion. It does not concern a series of thoughts, but rather a logical, structured discourse with a precise objective. In argumentation, the language does not only serve to provide information, but also to influence the audience to change an opinion, emotional attitude, or behavior. This is not, however, unique to argumentative discourse, as one also encounters the intention to convince the audience in description and narration.
Argumentation can be carried out in two manners:
Using examples. To support a thesis, one uses examples drawn from history, science, personal experiences, public opinion, etc.
Using arguments. In order to support a point of view, one can also use explanations and reasoning.
Arguments, as with examples, are used as frequently in everyday conversations as in official texts, mainly in the field of science.
The use of arguments and examples allows for:
- One to understand which positions are correct or more significant than others.
- One to convince others of the validity of their own point of view: the goal is to change the opinion of the audience with regards to the subject being discussed.
You may also be interested in the book "POCKET CARDS | Abstract thinking".
- Narrative discourse - Definition, structure, cohesion
- Types of discourse
- Differences between descriptive, narrative and argumentative discourse
- Arguments and examples
- Connections between narration and argumentation
- Argumentative discourse approach
- Examples of approach utilization
- Oral discourse - Introduction, Facts (arguments and examples), Rebuttal, Conclusion
- Written discourse - Introduction, Facts (arguments and examples), Rebuttal, Conclusion
- Implementing the approach
- Worksheets (memory aid)
Type: Paper or PDF file
Number of pages: 200
Author: Alice Kassotaki - Speech Language Pathologist MSc, BSc
Translation & Proofreading: Kristen Stone